Level gardens or Hira-niwa in Japanese do not have hills , nor have any water in the manner that a western garden would. The flat area which is essentially made of either sand or more usually gravel Is definitely the water. Every Japanese gardens tend to be a lesson in environment and space. artificial turf
The same as in a Zen garden the gravel is raked into swirls and different shapes to give the impression of the movements in a body of water. The ground is usually covered this way and on occasions I actually have seen flat backyards that use small small stones, once again raked in circles and straight lines to give the impression of water ripples.
A flat garden may include many familiar ingredients that you would probably expect when making a Japanese garden. Stones, Rubble, Bushes are incredibly common. The trees although natural will be pruned and the low level shrubs and bushes shaped on the edge of the space.
Flat gardens were first designed to interpret in addition to miniature mimic Japan’s beach destination landscapes or some of its grander lakes, a journey through Japanese garden history points to conflict and water shortages as to why water was replaced by gravel as a ‘dry’ substitute. This can be a trend that has continued for hundreds of years even in peacetime and with abundant products of water. The Edo period of Japanese background is when flat home gardens became very popular.
Oddly enough water features apart from a body of drinking water are fairly common in a Japanese ‘Flat’ garden. For instance, large erect stones can symbolise a waterfall which something that you can copy for a garden space that you have in brain however large or small.
Use non sharp stinging rocks or stones (Granite) to depict islands within your gravel water area. 3 together is a popular representation of ‘The Isles of The Immortals’. Japan Circle and Empoté Islands are often duplicated and represented in the gravel water area to add the spirit of enlightenment. You will be able to get the correct rocks and pebbles from your local holistic supplier – take some time to consider the shapes that you want and strictly speaking for authenticity you must not use curved stones.
Other ingredients that you may wish to enhance a flat garden are stone lanterns, included for the illumination of parts of your garden at night, basins and if you are incredibly committed even a well! Well’s are normally constructed away of wood and have a way of getting the water out of the well a pulley and bucket or a huge wooden spoon are common.
Stepping stones can be located across the stones water area and look quite effective if they lead to the far area of the gravel area in which a traditional hut or pagoda is located. After the sixteenth century this was a popular type of design where the hut would be taken for the slow-moving and meaningful Tea service.
A completed flat garden can give a real impression of depth of space to the viewer as the eye is sketched into the water area with the clipped bushes on the faraway border. The stones or rubble located carefully within the raked gravel ‘water’ area give a feeling of depth and perspective comparable to the scale of the garden.